The role of the chiller
Cooling principle of chiller: The operation of the chiller system is through three interrelated systems: a refrigerant circulation system, a water circulation system, and an electrical control system. Chiller chiller circulation system: The liquid refrigerant in the evaporator absorbs the heat in the water and begins to evaporate. Finally, a certain temperature difference is formed between the refrigerant and the water. The liquid refrigerant is completely evaporated to a gaseous state and then sucked and compressed by the compressor (pressure and temperature increase). The gaseous refrigerant absorbs heat through a condenser (air-cooled/water-cooled), condenses into a liquid, and is throttled by a thermal expansion valve (or capillary tube) to become a low-temperature low-pressure refrigerant to enter the evaporator, completing the refrigerant circulation process. The basic components of the chiller refrigeration system: Compressor: The compressor is the core component of the entire refrigeration system and the source of refrigerant compression. Its function is to convert the input electrical energy into mechanical energy to compress the refrigerant. Condenser: The condenser acts to output thermal energy and condense the refrigerant during cooling. After the high-pressure superheated steam discharged from the refrigeration compressor enters the condenser, all the heat absorbed in the working process, including the heat absorbed from the evaporator and the refrigeration compressor and in the pipeline, is transferred to the surrounding medium (water or The air is taken away; the refrigerant high pressure superheated vapor recondenses into a liquid. (Depending on the cooling medium and cooling method, the condensers can be divided into three categories: water-cooled condensers, air-cooled condensers, and evaporative condensers.) Reservoir: The reservoir is installed after the condenser and is in direct communication with the drain of the condenser. The refrigerant liquid in the condenser should flow unimpeded into the reservoir so that the cooling area of the condenser can be fully utilized. On the other hand, when the heat load of the evaporator changes, the required amount of the refrigerant liquid also changes, and at that time, the reservoir functions to regulate and store the refrigerant. For a small chiller refrigeration system, the reservoir is often not installed, but a condenser is used to adjust and store the refrigerant. Drying filter: In the chiller refrigeration cycle, moisture and dirt (oil, iron filings, copper filings) must be prevented from entering. The source of moisture is mainly the trace amount of water contained in the newly added refrigerant and lubricating oil, or Moisture from the air entering the system. If the moisture in the system is not cleaned out, when the refrigerant passes through the throttle valve (thermal expansion valve or capillary), the water will solidify into ice due to the pressure and temperature drop, which will block the passage and affect the normal operation of the refrigeration unit. Therefore, a dry filter must be installed in the chiller refrigeration system. Thermal expansion valve: The thermal expansion valve is both a flow regulating valve in the chiller refrigeration system and a throttle valve in the refrigeration device. It is installed between the drying filter and the evaporator in the refrigeration device, and its temperature sensing package It is wrapped at the exit of the evaporator. Its main function is to reduce the pressure of the high-pressure normal temperature refrigerant liquid when flowing through the thermal expansion valve, and become a low-temperature low-pressure refrigerant wet steam (mostly liquid, a small part is steam) enters the evaporator and vaporizes in the evaporator. It absorbs heat and achieves the purpose of cooling and cooling. Evaporator: An evaporator is a heat exchange device that relies on the evaporation (actually boiling) of a refrigerant liquid to absorb the heat of the cooled medium. Its function in the refrigeration system is to absorb heat (or output cooling). In order to ensure a stable and long-lasting evaporation process, the vaporized gas must be continuously withdrawn by a refrigeration compressor to maintain a certain evaporation pressure. Refrigerants: Most industrial chillers used in modern industry use R22 or R12 as refrigerant. Refrigerant is a working fluid in a refrigeration system. Its main function is to carry heat and achieve heat absorption and heat release when the state changes.